1. Alcohol extraction: Dry plant material is dipped in a dissolving liquid (preferably drinkable alcohol), which dissolves the cannabinoids. The dissolving liquid is then heated so it evaporates. What remains is an extract. During this form of extraction, decarboxylation takes place.
  2. Anandamide: An endocannabinoid that binds to the CB1 receptor.
  3. Bidirectional effect: The side effects cannabis can cause are also the symptoms it can counteract.
  4. Biphasic Dose Response Curve:Cannabinoids are known to have a biphasic effect. Biphasic means “two phase”. In short this means that low and high amounts of cannabis compounds can produce bidirectional, or opposite, effects.
  5. Bioavailability: The extent to which a substance is absorbed by the body. This depends on how a substance is administered.

  6. Cannabinoids: Lipophilic molecules. First discovered in the cannabis plant. More than 100 different types of cannabinoids have now been discovered in cannabis, of which THC and CBD are the best known.
  7. CBC: Cannabichromene.
  8. CBD: Cannabidiol, CBD is not psychoactive or addictive and has no known side effects.
  9. CBG: Cannabigerol
  10. CBN: Cannabinol

  11. CB1 receptor: CB1 stands for Cannabinoid Binding receptor type 1. CB1 receptors are mainly found in the brain and central nervous system.
  12. CB2 receptor: CB2 stands for Cannabinoid Binding receptor type 2. CB2 receptors are mainly found in the immune system, the organs and to a lesser extent in the brain.
  13. CO2 extraction: uses pressurized carbon dioxide to “pull” naturally occurring phytocompounds (including cannabinoids and terpenes) from raw hemp plant material. The supercritical CO2 is pushed along the plant material and binds the ingredients. Then the CO2 is removed by reducing the pressure so that it ends up in the gas phase. What remains is paste-like substance in which the ingredients are contained. This must be filtered and dissolved in the desired oil.
  14. Decarboxylation: A chemical process in which a carbon particle breaks down from a particular molecule, changing the molecule. CBDa (the acid form of CBD), which is converted by decarboxylation into CBD.
  15. Dosage
    • Micro-dosing: A low dose, ranging from 0.5-20mg CBD per dose per day. Micro-dosing can be used, for example, for headaches, sleeping problems and stress. Standard-dosing: A standard dosage is 10-100mg CBD per serving per day. For example, standard-dosing can be used in inflammation, pain, anxiety, depression.
    • Macro-dosing: macro dose is 50-800mg CBD per dose per day. For example, macro-dosing can be used in epilepsy and other life-threatening diseases. Source: book “Healthy with CBD by D.C.J. Kok

  16. Endocannabinoids: Body’s own cannabinoids. So far, two have been discovered, anandamide and 2AG.
  17. The endocannabinoid system : is an active and complex cell signaling network. It involves a combination of endocannabinoids, enzymes, and cannabinoid receptors that help regulate several functions in the human body. This physiological system plays a role in our appetite, sleep/wake rhythm, relaxation, protection and cognitive functions. [link naar pagina website waar uitleg is over ECS]
  18. Entourage effect: The phenomenon that substances in cannabis can enhance each other’s effect; there is synergie.1
  19. Essential Oils: Essential oils are aromatic or volatile oils. This means that the oil evaporates into the air.
  20. Flavonoids: Natural pigments that give color to most fruits and vegetables. They have an antioxidant effect and are therefore sometimes referred to as “vitamin P”.

  21. Full spectrum: Extract with a broad spectrum of cannabinoids and terpenes, as naturally present in the plant.
  22. Synergy: the combined power of a group of things (e.g. cannabinoids and/or terpenes) when they are working together that is greater than the total power achieved by each working separately 2
  23. THC: Tetrahydrocannabinol, THC is a psychoactive compound that occurs naturally in cannabis plants. And also in fiber hemp plants. The THC concentrations in fiber hemp plants are so low that this does not give a psychoactive effect.
  24. Terpenes: Natural fragrances and flavors. Terpenes also have a beneficial effect.
  25. Terpene Profile: The composition of terpenes in a particular cannabis variety.

  26. Trichomes: Wax-like hairs on the outside of flower and leaf material. A trichome consists of a head and a stalk. Inside the head of the trichomes are the components of the fiber hemp plant. In contrast to many other plants, the components are located on the outside of the plant. The components of cannabis-related plants are called cannabinoids. In addition, these plants also contain terpenes (fragrances) and flavonoids (flavors).
  27. Homeostasis: Homeostasis is the body’s ability to maintain health by constantly restoring and balancing the internal or internal environment, even when conditions change.